Use this checklist before investing in mutual funds
A mutual fund is an investment scheme that pools money from investors and invests in money market instruments, equities, bonds, or other securities. They help investors to grow their wealth over time and diversify their holdings.
However, it’s essential to understand that each investor has their own goals, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. Mutual funds may seem complicated or intimidating if you do not have the right strategy. So, it’s essential to carefully consider a checklist before investing in mutual funds plans, as it can prove beneficial to your wealth.
Here is a detailed checklist that can help you to extract the most from your mutual fund investment.
- Set your investment objectives and horizon
Before investing in mutual funds, set your investment objectives and determine the time horizon for your investments. If you have long-term goals, you can focus on growth-oriented equity funds since you have sufficient time to accept market volatility.
For mid-term goals, you can choose a balanced portfolio that provide stability and good returns against market volatility. Investors having short-term goals can invest in less volatile funds to prevent unfavorable market fluctuations.
- Check the risk of a mutual fund
Different mutual funds have different levels of risk. You need to ensure that you are comfortable with the risk level before investing. So, finding the right mutual fund to invest in is crucial. You can invest in aggressive hybrid or equity funds if you want high returns. However, these funds also carry high risks, so check if the investment matches your risk tolerance. Alternatively, you can invest in debt funds to hedge your portfolio against volatility.
- Fix your asset allocation
Try to divide your capital into diverse asset classes in a way that you can balance risk and return. To balance the risks, asset allocation must be a mix of equity and debt instruments. Choose from asset classes like debt, equity, gold, and real estate, and do not be overweight on a single asset class.
- Choose funds using strict rating parameters
Investors generally rush to high-rated and well-performing funds and schemes. While past performance bodes well for the fund, it does not guarantee future performance. You must evaluate the performance historically and on a comparative basis. Check how the fund has performed over time and compare its performance with its peers.
A well-managed fund from an investor-centric and process-driven fund house has more chances to continue its high performance in the future.
Also, compare funds that belong to the same category. For example, if you plan to invest in a large-cap fund, you should compare it with other large-cap funds, not small-cap ones.
As a potential investor, you can use this mutual fund investment guide and fulfill the checklist mentioned here to make the right investment decision. Also, check the fund type, past performance, the Asset Management Company (AMC) track record, and the fund managers.
Curious about how to invest in mutual funds online? You can directly invest from the official website of your fund house or through investing apps.